Work & Retirement

Modern societies are constantly challenged to adapt their workforces to demographic and technological changes. Although this adaptation was previously achieved through generational change—whereby older workers retired and younger, better-educated workers replaced them—this process is now becoming insufficient. Workers should continue to update their skills, older workers should remain in the workforce longer, and unemployed individuals should be re-integrated into the labour markets (Blossfeld et al., 2014).

This section (collected until 2016 within PERFAR) provides legal information on the policies related to work and retirement over time, focusing on the following fields:


Blossfeld, H.P., Kilpi-Jakonen, E., Vono de Vilhena, D. and Buchholz, S. (2014). Adult Learning in Modern Societies. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.