Policy Document

Act 79 of 1993 on public education

Benefits & Requirements

Coverage: Eligible groups or beneficiaries

Section 6 (1) As defined by law, all children shall be obliged to participate in compulsory education.

Age range

6 - 18

Duration (numbers of years of compulsory education stipulated by this document)


ISCED levels included in compulsory education


Dedication (number of hours per week stipulated by this document)

1st – 3rd grade: maximum 25 lessons per week 4th – 6th grade: maximum 23 lessons per week 7th – 8th grade: maximum 25 lessons per week 9th – 10th grade: maximum 28 lessons per week In secondary school: maximum 30 lessons per week

Is educational tracking implemented or modified by this document?


If yes, age when students are tracked for the first time


Education and training required for a compulsory school teacher stipulated by this document

In lower grades – primary school teacher’s degree 5th – 8th grade – secondary school teacher’s degree Grades above the 9th – university-level secondary school teacher’s degree

Is the compulsory education of children of undocumented migrants granted by this document?

Section 110 (1) Minors who do not have Hungarian citizenship shall be entitled to the childcare provided by kindergartens, and on the other hand obliged to fulfil compulsory education in Hungary in case if a) they are seeking asylum status, seeking refuge

Read the Law

Original full text source in native language

Magyar Közlöny (Hungarian Official Gazette) No. 1993/107, 03. 08. 1993

Original full text web source in native language


Comments & Clarifications

Special data for the selected policy/category: Age range: The act of 1993 on Public Education did not amend the age limit of compulsory education. Compulsory education was modified by the amendment of 1996 of the Act of 1993, Section 6 (1): A child who reaches the level of maturity required for schooling becomes obliged to attend compulsory education in the school year in which he or she reaches the age of six years, but at the latest in the year when he or she reaches the age of eight years. When the child has reached the level of maturity required for the entering the school system, in the year in which he or she reaches the age of six until 31 May, begins to fulfil the obligation of compulsory education. At the request of the parents, a child may begin to fulfil compulsory education if he or she will reach the age of six before 31 December. The beginning of compulsory education can fall within the eighth year of age in the case of children who were born between 31 August and 31 December. (3) Compulsory education lasts until the end of the school year in which the student reaches the age of 18. In the case of students with special needs, compulsory education may be extended until the end of the school year in which they reach the age of 20. (6) After reaching the age of 16, the obligation for compulsory education shall be terminated at the demand of those having obtained the secondary school maturity examination or vocational training recognised by the state, or having reached the age of maturity by marriage, or by taking care of a child. The demand shall be presented jointly by the student and the parents, with the exception of students of the age of maturity. The head of the school shall acknowledge the demand in writing.


Judit Monostori
Hungarian Demographic Research Institute (HDRI)

Data collected in the framework of the Population Europe Research Finder and Archive (PERFAR)

Cite as

SPLASH-db.eu (2014): Policy: "Act 79 of 1993 on public education" (Information provided by Judit Monostori). Available at: https://splash-db.eu [Date of access].