Policy Document

An Act of 9 November 2000 (No. 106, Item 1118) on Repatriation

Year

2001

Country

Poland

Topic

Migration

Subtopic

Naturalisation & Citizenship

Main implications

The act recognised the responsibility of the Polish State to allow the repatriation and the granting of citizenship to Poles who had remained in the East (in particular, in the Asian areas of the former Soviet Union); and who, due to deportation, exile, or persecution, could not settle in Poland.

A repatriate was a person of Polish descent who arrived in the Republic of Poland on the basis of a repatriation visa [1], with the intention of taking up permanent residence. This person legally became a Polish citizen on the day he or she crossed the border of the Republic of Poland, provided the person could confirm his or her Polish nationality in one of the following ways: (1) he or she was able to demonstrate that at least one of his or her parents or grandparents or two great-grandparents were of Polish nationality; or (2) he or she was able to demonstrate his or her Polish provenance, in particular through the cultivation of the Polish language, traditions, and customs.

Repatriation affected children living with their parents who were under age 16 (if over 16, the change required their consent). However, if only one of the parents was a repatriate, the children could acquire Polish nationality only with the consent of the other parent.

Repatriates and members of their families living with them in a joint household after arriving in Poland were given a lump-sum benefit (to cover the costs of transport, living, education) from the state budget. In addition, local governments participated in the vocational activation of repatriates and in the provision of dwellings.

Benefits & Requirements

Coverage: Eligible groups or beneficiaries

Persons of Polish descent who arrived in the Republic of Poland on the basis of a repatriation visa.

Read the Law

Original full text source in native language

Dziennik Ustaw z 9 Listopada 2000 (Nr 106, poz. 1118) [Journal of Law, 9 November 2000 (No. 106, Item 1118)]

Original full text web source in native language

http://isip.sejm.gov.pl/DetailsServlet

Comments & Clarifications

[1] The definition of repatriate was further amended in 2004 (No.53, Item 535): “a person of Polish descent who arrived in the Republic of Poland on the basis of a repatriation visa” was replaced by “a person of Polish descent who arrived in the Republic of Poland on the basis of a national visa for the purpose of repatriation.”

Author

Agnieszka Chłoń-Domińczak, Anna Matysiak & Irena Kotowska
Institute of Statistics and Demography
Warsaw School of Economics

Data collected in the framework of the Population and Policy Database

Cite as

SPLASH-db.eu (2012): Policy: "An Act of 9 November 2000 (No. 106, Item 1118) on Repatriation" (Information provided by Agnieszka Chłoń-Domińczak, Anna Matysiak & Irena Kotowska). Available at: https://splash-db.eu [Date of access].