Policy Document

Decree relating to the recruitment and initial training of certain teaching staff, education, and guidance under the Minister of Education








Compulsory Schooling

Main implications

This decree sets the requirement of a university diploma called the 'Master' (which is obtained after five years of studies) in order to be appointed as primary and secondary level teachers. Compared to the previous reform on the same topic (Decree 90-680 of 1 August 1990), teachers now must have completed an additional two years of university studies.

Benefits & Requirements

Coverage: Eligible groups or beneficiaries

School teachers

Is educational tracking implemented or modified by this document?


Education and training required for a compulsory school teacher stipulated by this document

See “Major implocations of the reform”.

Read the Law

Full Text Source in English

Decree No. 2013-768 of 23 August 2013 relating to the recruitment and initial training of some teaching staff, education and guidance under the Minister of Education, Official Journal of the French Republic no. 198 of 27th August, 2013 p. 14474

Original full text source in native language

Décret n° 2013-768 du 23 août 2013 relatif au recrutement et à la formation initiale de certains personnels enseignants, d'éducation et d'orientation relevant du ministre de l'éducation nationale, Journal Officiel de la République Française n°198 du 27 août 2013 p. 14474

Original full text web source in native language


Comments & Clarifications

The dispositions of this decree are effective for public competitions opened after its publication.

Secondary Literature & Sources

Secondary literature

- Lang V. "Le pré-recrutement des instituteurs de l’enseignement public (19e – 20e siècles)". Centre de Recherche en Éducation de Nantes, Nantes (2008) Available at: http://www.hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/docs/00/31/15/05/PDF/Prerecrutement_instituteurs_publics.pdf
- Ferhat, I. "Quelle formation pour quels enseignants ? Regard historique sur la réforme de la "mastérisation"". La Vie des idées (2009). Available at: http://www.laviedesidees.fr/Quelle-formation-pour-quels.html
- Heurdier L., & Prost A. "Les politiques de l’éducation en France". La Documentation française, Paris (2014).

Links to databases and sources for the analysis or evaluation of this policy field

UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS) http://www.uis.unesco.org
Education at a Glance, © OECD, 2014 (http://stats.oecd.org/)
Eurostat, © European Union, 1995-2014
INSEE publications: http://www.insee.fr/fr/themes/theme.asp


Arianna Caporali
Institut national d'études démographiques (INED)

Data collected in the framework of the Population Europe Research Finder and Archive (PERFAR)

Cite as

SPLASH-db.eu (2014): Policy: "Decree relating to the recruitment and initial training of certain teaching staff, education, and guidance under the Minister of Education" (Information provided by Arianna Caporali). Available at: https://splash-db.eu [Date of access].