Benefits & Requirements
Coverage: Eligible groups or beneficiaries
All Latvian population.
Criteria for coverage
Every citizen of the Republic of Latvia; holders of non-citizen passports issued by the Republic of Latvia; citizens of the European Union, European Economic Area countries, and Switzerland; permanent residents of the European Community holding a residence permit for Latvia; stateless persons in possession of a travelling document issued by the Republic of Latvia; third-country nationals or stateless persons who are in possession of a valid residence permit for the Republic of Latvia; persons having refugee or alternative status; and persons who have received temporary protection within the Republic of Latvia all have equal rights to education in Latvia.
A minor child of an asylum seeker and a minor asylum seeker have the right to basic education and secondary education, as well as the right to continue the commenced education after reaching the age of majority. A minor third-country national or stateless person who has no legal basis to reside in the Republic of Latvia has the right to acquire basic education during the time period specified for voluntary exit or during the time period for which the expulsion is suspended, as well as during his or her detention.
5-16 (in exceptional cases until 18)
Duration (numbers of years of compulsory education stipulated by this document)
2 years of preschool + 9 years of general education
ISCED levels included in compulsory education
Levels 1 (preschool) and 2 (basic)
Dedication (number of hours per week stipulated by this document)
This document does not stipulate children’s workload. The workload is determined by the state’s basic education standard (available in Latvian: http://likumi.lv/doc.php. It states that maximum number of lessons (45 minutes) weekly in year 1 is 22, which is gradually increased to 34 lessons a week in year 9 (respectively: Y1-22, Y2-23, Y3-24, Y4-26, Y5-28, Y6-30, Y7-32, Y8-34, Y9-34).
Is educational tracking implemented or modified by this document?
Education and training required for a compulsory school teacher stipulated by this document
This document does not stipulate teacher education and training requirements. This is determined by the regulations on teacher professional qualifications (available in Latvian: http://likumi.lv/ta/id/269965-noteikumi-par-pedagogiem-nepieciesamo-izglitibu-un-profesionalo-kvalifikaciju-un-pedagogu-profesionalas-kompetences-pilnveides-...). The regulations stipulate that all teachers in preschool and basic education must have obtained higher professional education in pedagogy (or be in the process of acquiring education), and also set the specific education required for subject teachers.
Is the compulsory education of children of undocumented migrants granted by this document?
Yes. A minor third-country national or stateless person who has no legal basis to reside in the Republic of Latvia, has the right to acquire basic education during the time period specified for voluntary exit or during the time period for which the expuls
Read the Law
Full Text Source in English
Valsts Valodas centrs (State Language centre) official translation: http://www.vvc.gov.lv/export/sites/default/docs/LRTA/Likumi/Education_Law.doc
Original full text source in native language
Legislation of Republic of Latvia database: http://likumi.lv/doc.php
Full text web source in English
Original full text web source in native language
Secondary Literature & Sources
Study "Access to life long learning and possibilities to study in Latvia" ("Mūžizglītības pieejamība un iespējas izglītoties Latvijā"): http://www.laea.lv/44/section.aspx/85 (in Latvian, summary of relevant legislation in appendix)
Links to databases and sources for the analysis or evaluation of this policy field
Statistics on general education from 2009 onwards on the Ministry of Education and Science website: http://www.izm.gov.lv/lv/publikacijas-un-statistika/statistika-par-izglitibu/statistika-par-visparejo-izglitibu. Statistics in a similar form for earlier years (not before 1999) are available upon request from the Ministry but are often not electronic.
Education data section in Central Statistical Office of Latvia (from year 1990 for most indicators): http://data.csb.gov.lv/pxweb/en/Sociala/Sociala__ikgad__izgl/ (in English or Latvian)